A new report published by the Woodland Trust brings together evidence which highlights a barrage of compounding threats which could have catastrophic consequences for the UKs woods, trees and the flora and fauna within them.

The State of the UK’s Woods and Trees 2021 examines the data and evidence behind the health of the nation’s woods and trees.

It is the first of its kind to focus on native woods and trees, which are such an important part of our natural and semi-natural habitats in this country.

It shows that five major threats are compounding to result in negative impacts that could spell disaster for wildlife including plants, birds, butterflies and insects.

Abi Bunker, director of conservation and external affairs at the Woodland Trust said: “The warning signs in this report are loud and clear.

“If we don’t tackle the threats facing our woods and trees, we will severely damage the UK’s ability to address the climate and nature crises.

“Our wildlife havens are suffering, and we are storing up problems for future generations.

“The first step is setting legally binding targets for the recovery of nature, including our precious and irreplaceable ancient woodlands and trees.

“The Government’s new Environment Bill must provide the foundation for ambitious, effective and well-funded woodland policies and grants so that landowners and communities can protect, restore and create wildlife-rich, healthy wooded and treed landscapes, in towns, cities and the wider countryside.

“There is no success in hitting creation targets if our existing woods and trees are struggling and in decline.”

The major threats include:

l Poor woodland condition;

l Climate change affecting woodland life cycles;

l Direct loss and resulting fragmentation;

l Pests, diseases and pollution;

l Slow rate of woodland expansion.

Abi added: “To reverse these threats and avoid catastrophic consequences for wildlife and plants the below key recommendations need to be implemented.

“Native woodland must be a major part of woodland expansion, to help nature recover.

“We need more native woodland connecting and expanding existing woods and replacing lost trees outside woods.

“Enhance existing woods and trees. Existing native woods and trees must be protected and enhanced to become a source of widespread nature recovery and improve people’s lives.

“Improve evidence and monitoring and invest in the future.”